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高强度的有球训练和对抗训练的好处

2016-04-11 13:08 www.cufl.cn 点击:
高强度的有球训练和对抗训练的好处
 
       比赛负荷几乎接近无氧阈的强度,为此,足球训练的负荷强度也要接近青少年运动员的无氧阈水平.特别是有球的训练和对抗性的训练,只有这样的训练才能体验足球比赛中所需达到的负荷强度.吉利谢1998年研究报道人盯人防守较区域防守的血乳酸值要高,另外队员运球时的血乳酸值要高于同速度的无球跑,可见运球的无氧代谢负荷较大;

       无规则的变向跑动的测定发现,同一速度跑,以不规则的后退跑,侧身跑消耗的能量较大.教练员可以根据这些原理来设计训练手段和方法.

       科研结果表明,造成足球运动员训练水平不高的主要原因在于,运动员在比赛情况下所要完成的各种任务,没有在现实的训练条件下得以充分的实施,训练达不到比赛实际提出的要求.结合球的大强度练习,能使体能和专项技术训练及素质训练紧密结合,适应比赛的实际要求,符合足球比赛的特点.强对抗是现代足球比赛的又一特征,训练中采用大强度的对抗训练,比如以2个中场队员的攻防转换,攻少防多,攻防的快速转换都需要队员的角色快速转换,从而提高了青少年运动员的对抗要求,这样,不仅有利于提高运动员的对抗能力,而且使运动员的体能训练和技术训练与比赛紧密结合,从而能大大地提高青少年运动员体能训练的效果.

Match load almost anaerobic threshold intensity. Therefore, football training load intensity to close to the young athletes' anaerobic threshold level. Especially with the ball training and confrontational training, only such training can experience in football are required to achieve load intensity. Geely Xie 1998 study reported at the defence is the defensive area of blood lactic acid value is higher, also dribbler of blood lactic acid value is higher than that at the same rate as without the ball run, visible dribble of anaerobic metabolism larger load;          

Random variable to run was found, run at the same speed, with irregular backward run, running sideways to the consumption of energy is large. The coach can according to these principles to design the training means and methods.          

The research results show that the major reasons that cause the training level of football players is not high, a variety of tasks by the players in the game to a case, has not been fully implemented in the practical training condition, the training is not up to the actual competition demands. High intensity exercises with the ball, can make physical and special technical training and the quality of training closely, to adapt to the actual requirements of the game, in line with the characteristics of the football game. The strong resistance is another feature of modern football, with high intensity combat training training, such as the 2 midfield players attack and defense conversion, less attack prevention, fast attack and defense conversion are required for rapid conversion of player the young athletes, so as to improve the combat requirements, this is not only beneficial to improve the athlete's ability to fight, and make the athletes physical training and technical The combination of training and competition, so as to greatly improve the effect of physical training of young athletes.
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